A LEADING MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, ACCREDITED BY NATIONAL ASSESSMENT AND ACCREDITATION COUNCIL (NAAC) WITH 'A' GRADE and 3.11 CGPA
PONDICHERRY, PUDUCHERRY UT, INDIA
Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth Deemed University Logo

VISION

To contribute to the advancement and establishment of music therapy as an innovative component in the modern and evidence-based practice of medicine.

MISSION

• To harness the healing effects of music and integrate music therapy into routine patient care, under the umbrella of complementary and alternative medicine.
• To set high standards for music therapy education in a clinical environment.
• To foster high quality scientific research that would facilitate the evidence-based application of music therapy.

OVERVIEW

Music Therapy in Hospital

Music Therapy in Hospital

Music therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. It is an established health service similar to occupational therapy and physical therapy and consists of using music therapeutically to address physical, psychological, cognitive and/or social functioning for patients of all ages (American Music Therapy Association).

Interventions are categorized as ‘music medicine’ when passive listening to pre-recorded music is offered as an ancillary therapy, by medical personnel who are not necessarily specialized in the field of music therapy. In contrast, music therapy requires the implementation of a music intervention by a trained/qualified music therapist. In active music therapy, the patient makes music either alone, with a therapist or within a group. Typical intervention techniques include singing, playing with rhythm, improvisation, and the composition of music or songs. In receptive music therapy, therapeutic goals are pursued by listening to recorded or live music (Rose J, Bartsch HH. Music as therapy. Karger Gazette 2009; 70:5-7).

There is a substantial global body of research literature available on the evidence-based practice of music therapy as an allied health care service. Yet, the field of music therapy is still at a developmental stage in the Indian context. In spite of a growing interest in the field of music therapy among medical professionals, allied health care and mental health professionals and students in India, there are deep-rooted misconceptions and a lack of clarity with regard to this field. It is a matter of concern that though people show interest in learning about clinical music therapy services, their knowledge is limited to the existence of music healing practices across Indian history and culture, and they struggle to integrate these practices into modern clinical services. The practices are based on belief systems using history as a tool. The difference between healing and music therapy is sometimes perceived as ambiguous. Also, there is a widespread belief that there are ready-made prescriptions of music available for curing various diseases.

Awareness about various music therapy techniques other than receptive listening experiences is still poor, due to lack of training. Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth is a pioneer in promoting music therapy as an innovative initiative in the realms of patient care, professional training and research.

HISTORY

Inception of the Music Medicine Unit in November 2010

In 2010, the Music Medicine Unit started functioning under the stewardship of Dr. Bharathi P, Professor of Physiology, with the support of other faculty coordinators, namely Dr. Srinivasan AR, Professor of Biochemistry, Dr. Sivaprakash B, Professor of Psychiatry, and Dr. Sobana R, Assistant Professor of Physiology. Music medicine services were provided to patients referred from various clinical specialties such as General Medicine, Psychiatry, Cardiology and Orthopaedics. The beneficial effects of music with patients were documented through research publications in peer-reviewed journals.

International Collaborations

  • The new PhD – cooperation agreement has been signed between SRI BALAJI VIDYAPEETH DEEMED UNIVERSITY,INDIA and IMC UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCES KREMS – Institute of Therapy Sciences on 24th November 2016 at KREMS, AUSTRIA.

The following are the current core faculty and adjunct faculty from different specialties.

Core Faculty
  • Dr. Sumathy Sundar, Director, CMTER
  • Dr. Baishali Mukherjee,   Part-time Faculty
  • Dr. Parin Parmar, Part-time Faculty
  • Mrs. Bhuvaneswari Ramesh, Part-time Tutor
  • Mrs. Kala Varathan, Full time Tutor

 

Adjunct faculty drawn from other specialties, who handle the clinical foundations module

  • Dr.Sivaprakash B, Professor, Department of Psychiatry
  • Dr. Vellore Srinivasan AR, Professor, Department of Biochemistry
  • Dr. Srirangaraj S, Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology
  • Dr.Sobana Jaiganesh, Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology
  • VISION

    To contribute to the advancement and establishment of music therapy as an innovative component in the modern and evidence-based practice of medicine.

    MISSION

    • To harness the healing effects of music and integrate music therapy into routine patient care, under the umbrella of complementary and alternative medicine. • To set high standards for music therapy education in a clinical environment. • To foster high quality scientific research that would facilitate the evidence-based application of music therapy.

    OVERVIEW
    Music Therapy in Hospital

    Music Therapy in Hospital

    Music therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. It is an established health service similar to occupational therapy and physical therapy and consists of using music therapeutically to address physical, psychological, cognitive and/or social functioning for patients of all ages (American Music Therapy Association).

    Interventions are categorized as ‘music medicine’ when passive listening to pre-recorded music is offered as an ancillary therapy, by medical personnel who are not necessarily specialized in the field of music therapy. In contrast, music therapy requires the implementation of a music intervention by a trained/qualified music therapist. In active music therapy, the patient makes music either alone, with a therapist or within a group. Typical intervention techniques include singing, playing with rhythm, improvisation, and the composition of music or songs. In receptive music therapy, therapeutic goals are pursued by listening to recorded or live music (Rose J, Bartsch HH. Music as therapy. Karger Gazette 2009; 70:5-7).

    There is a substantial global body of research literature available on the evidence-based practice of music therapy as an allied health care service. Yet, the field of music therapy is still at a developmental stage in the Indian context. In spite of a growing interest in the field of music therapy among medical professionals, allied health care and mental health professionals and students in India, there are deep-rooted misconceptions and a lack of clarity with regard to this field. It is a matter of concern that though people show interest in learning about clinical music therapy services, their knowledge is limited to the existence of music healing practices across Indian history and culture, and they struggle to integrate these practices into modern clinical services. The practices are based on belief systems using history as a tool. The difference between healing and music therapy is sometimes perceived as ambiguous. Also, there is a widespread belief that there are ready-made prescriptions of music available for curing various diseases.

    Awareness about various music therapy techniques other than receptive listening experiences is still poor, due to lack of training. Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth is a pioneer in promoting music therapy as an innovative initiative in the realms of patient care, professional training and research.

    HISTORY

    Inception of the Music Medicine Unit in November 2010

    In 2010, the Music Medicine Unit started functioning under the stewardship of Dr. Bharathi P, Professor of Physiology, with the support of other faculty coordinators, namely Dr. Srinivasan AR, Professor of Biochemistry, Dr. Sivaprakash B, Professor of Psychiatry, and Dr. Sobana R, Assistant Professor of Physiology. Music medicine services were provided to patients referred from various clinical specialties such as General Medicine, Psychiatry, Cardiology and Orthopaedics. The beneficial effects of music with patients were documented through research publications in peer-reviewed journals.

    The following are the current core faculty and adjunct faculty from different specialties.

    Core Faculty
    • Dr. Sumathy Sundar, Director, CMTER
    • Dr. Baishali Mukherjee,   Part-time Faculty
    • Dr. Parin Parmar, Part-time Faculty
    • Mrs. Bhuvaneswari Ramesh, Part-time Tutor
    • Mrs. Kala Varathan, Full time Tutor
      Adjunct faculty drawn from other specialties, who handle the clinical foundations module
    • Dr.Sivaprakash B, Professor, Department of Psychiatry
    • Dr. Vellore Srinivasan AR, Professor, Department of Biochemistry
    • Dr. Srirangaraj S, Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology
    • Dr.Sobana Jaiganesh, Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology
     
  • Vision

    To contribute to the advancement and establishment of music therapy as an innovative component in the modern and evidence-based practice of medicine.

    Mission
    • To harness the healing effects of music and integrate music therapy into routine patient care, under the umbrella of complementary and alternative medicine.
    • To set high standards for music therapy education in a clinical environment.
    • To foster high quality scientific research that would facilitate the evidence-based application of music therapy.
    The Three tiered hospital based music therapy program at CMTER
    3-tier music therapy  

    Center for Music Therapy Education and Research (CMTER), is one of the innovative initiatives of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth is a pioneering step in India towards integrating complementary therapeutic approaches with modern medical care. SBV introduced music therapy into patient care through its music and medicine unit in the year 2010 and also simultaneously initiated relevant research. In these five years of its inception, the music medicine unit has grown into CMTER which is engaged in the best practices of clinical music therapy services and has been taking long strides in all its activities in the areas of professional training, patient care services and research.

    CMTER is situated at the 1st floor of I block of the Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, provided with spacious premises and equipped with a wide range of Indian and Western musical instruments, both tuned and un tuned. The music therapy methods go  far beyond merely providing listening experiences, and incorporate the global methods of both receptive and active techniques, including methods such as song-writing, playing musical instruments, singing and participating.  A total of 3291 patients have benefitted so far, since the inception of the music medicine unit in 2010.

     
    YEAR Female Male Transgender TOTAL
    2010 04 13   17
    2011 41 43   84
    2012 62 80   142
    2013 103 103   206
    2014 283 201 47 531
    2015 1236 1075   2311
    Total 1729 1515 47 3291
      Professional Training in Music Therapy

    A one-year professional Postgraduate Diploma in Music Therapy was launched on 25-03-2014 at the Centre for Music Therapy Education and Research. The introduction of the diploma within the framework of a medical curriculum is the first of its kind in the country and has evinced interest in aspiring music therapists in India and abroad. The second batch of PGDMT 2014-15 has also successfully completed the course. This year, the first Master's degree in Medical Music Therapy is planned to be launched. Those who have completed the one year PGDMT in music therapy from CMTER is eligible for a lateral entry into the second year of the master's degree in music therapy. Applicants who have also completed an equivalent PGDMT program elsewhere are eligible for lateral entry in to the second year.

    CMTER is in the process of recruiting students for both PGDMT and Masters degree in Music Therapy this year.

    The course is being taught by the following faculty:

    • Sumathy Sundar, Director, CMTER
    • Baishali Mukherjee Part-time Faculty
    • Parin Parmar, Part-time Faculty
    • Bhuvaneswari Ramesh, Part-time Tutor
    • Kala Varathan, Full time Tutor
    Adjunct faculty drawn from other specialties, who handle the clinical foundations module
    • Sivaprakash B, Professor, Department of Psychiatry
    • Vellore Srinivasan AR, Professor, Department of Biochemistry
    • Srirangaraj S, Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology
    • Sobana Jaiganesh, Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology
    Uniqueness of the training program

    This is the only university-based professional music therapy training program offered from a medical college in India.

    Innovative and interdisciplinary course curriculum

    The course content includes chrono-biology, time theory of ragas; neonatology, gerontology; abnormal psychology; mind-body medicine and psychosomatic medicine, traditional healing practices; music psychology, autistic spectrum disorder, communicative musicality,  and so on, in the context of music therapy.

    Unique methods of learning

    The students learn to work with different methods such as providing active and passive musical experiences ranging from vocal improvisations, improvisations using melodic and rhythmic musical instruments, song-writing, relaxation techniques and providing participatory experiences by playing diverse musical instruments and drumming. They also learn different techniques within these broad methods and not merely the listening experience techniques.

    The students learn to provide customized therapeutic experiences to the clients. They also learn the difference between subjective healing practices and the objective scientific clinical music therapy practices which are observable and measurable.

    Student learning outcome

    Becoming skilled music therapists and also getting prepared to engage in higher studies in music therapy are the primary learning outcomes. The students begin their entry-level clinical practice by honing their clinical and music therapy skills and enhancing their personality in physical, psychological and spiritual dimensions. The students become reflective, and become sensitive to the aesthetic and therapeutic qualities of music. In addition, they develop a commitment to the subject of music and its therapeutic use and also engage in research activities during their masters degree course.

    Innovative teaching approach

    The course provides a structured and interactive learning environment through didactic and active experiential approaches through a multimedia platform, classroom role playing, interactions with patients, and analysis of actual clinical problems.

    Multidisciplinary teaching

    The teaching faculty include professionals drawn from various clinical and para-clinical specialites such as music therapy, musicology, psychology, psychiatry, microbiology, physiology, biochemistry etc.

    Hands-on experience

    The students gain hands-on clinical experience during internship/practicum opportunities through out the course. They interact with patients of all ages and also work in diverse clinical settings such as General Medicine, Psychiatry, Paediatrics, Cardiology etc. In addition, they work with patients in surgical and antenatal wards, transgender individuals and neonates.

    State-of-the-art research opportunities

    The students have an opportunity to participate in research involving diverse clinical populations and collaborate with the Central Inter-Disciplinary Research Facility (CIDRF) of SBV.

  • The following research clusters were formed from CMTER in collaboration with CIDRF and they operate to encourage all faculty and students of Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth to work collaboratively and engage in high quality music therapy research.

    1. Traditional Music Healing Practices

    Aim: To objectify and create evidence for traditional healing practices to be integrated in clinical practice

    2. Interdisciplinary collaborations and Patient Outcomes

    Aim: to encourage and strengthen evidence by interdisciplinary collaborations to improve Quality of Life and Patient outcomes

    3. Community Health and Well-being

    Aim: to create awareness and serve families and communities with music as a cultural resource and defence for health

    4. Mind Body Medicine

    Aim: to foster high quality music therapy research on influence of music on autoregulation, psychoneuroimmunology and psychoneuroendocrinology.

    5. Education and Professional Training

    Aim: to help students and faculty to learn and practice music therapy skills and to prepare them for teaching and research opportunities and make them global players.

    Ongoing research projects

    1. A study on the effect of music on labour pain and cervix dilation during the first stage of labour

    Student investigator: Jayapreetha R

    Guide: Dr. Sumathy Sundar, Director, CMTER

    Co-guide: Dr. Sunitha Samal, Assosiate Professor, Department of Obgyn.

    Status: Data collection in progress

    2. Fetal programming in-utero with music therapy

    Investigators: Dr. Sumathy Sundar, CMTER, Dr. Balanehru Subramanian, CIDRF, Dr. Seetesh

    Ghosh, Department of OBGYN.

    Status: Inclusion criteria defined and patient population identified

    4. Does distraction and active focus of attention with music enhance patient’s comfort under regional anaesthesia: A randomized controlled study

    Principal investigator: Dr. Hemanth Kumar VR, Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology

    Co-investigators: Dr. Ravishankar M, Professor and Head, Department of Anesthesiology, Dr. Sumathy Sundar, Director, CMTER, Dr. Balanehru Subramanian, Deputy Director, CIDRF, Dr. Srinivasan AR, Prof. Department of Biochemistry, Dr. Sivaprakash B, Professor, Department of Psychiatry.

    Status: Data collection going on

    5. A study of the effect of adjunct music listening on the outcome of depressive disorders (Post Graduate MD Dissertation)

    Student investigator: Karthik Balakrishnan

    Guide: Dr. B Sivaprakash, Professor, Department of Psychiatry

    Co-Guide: Dr. Sumathy Sundar, Head, CMTER

    Co-Guide: Dr. Sunkanto Sarkar, Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry

    Status: Data Collection going on

    6. Effect of music therapy on fatigue and anxiety levels of patients undergoing hemodialysis procedure

    Dr. Sobana Jaiganesh, PGDMT, CMTER

    Guide: Dr. Sumathy Sundar, Head, CMTER

    Co-guide: Dr. Hemachander, Associate Professor, Department of Nephrology

    Status: Data collection is going on

    Completed research projects ICMR-STS project

    Title: A study of the effects of music on physiological measures in healthy subjects.

    ICMR reference ID: 2010-00103

    Student investigator: Ayeesha Sithika T; Guide: Dr. Sivaprakash B, Professor of Psychiatry

    The final report of this STS project was submitted to ICMR on 08-09-2010.

    Title: Live music performance in the Intensive Care Waiting Area.

    Dr. Sumathy Sundar,Bhuvaneswari Ramesh and Kala Varthan, CMTER

    Title: Effect of Music Therapy on neonates undergoing venepuncture.

    Dr. V Haarika, Dr. P Soundararajan, Dr. Sumathy Sundar

    Title: A study on the effects of group singing on symptoms of depression of institutionalized geriatric adults.

    Sr. Divya Mathew, Dr. Sumathy Sundar and Dr. S. Easwaran

    • Bharathi P, Jaiganesh K, Sobana R, Parthasarathy S. Effect of the Indian Raga Bageshri on the body temperature of cancer patients on chemotherapy. International Journal of Current Scientific Research.2012; 2(1): 243-5.
    • Bharathi P, Jaiganesh K, Sobana R, Parthasarathy S, Vadivel S. Effect of Rag Neelambari on certain physiological and behavioural parameters of preterm infants. Asian Journal of Paediatric Practice. 2012; 16(2): 23-6.
    • Sobana R, Jaiganesh K, Bharathi P. Role of Rag AhirBhairav as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) on blood pressure in pre-hypertensive adults. Journal of Medical Science & Technology. 2013; 2(2): 66-70.
    • Bharathi P, Jaiganesh K, Sobana R, Ramesh R, Kuzhandaivelu V. Prognosis in music therapy interventions is associated with the emotional intelligence - alexithymia spectrum. The Antiseptic. 2013; 110(6): 292-4.
    • Sobana R, Jaiganesh K, Bharathi P. A study on the relationship of music therapy and the personality traits of neuroticism and agreeableness. National Journal of Research in Community Medicine. 2013; 2(1): 39-43.
    • Sobana R, Jaiganesh K, Bharathi P. A survey of the musical preferences of young adolescents newly admitted to the medical school. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 2013; 4(3): 654-8.
    • Sobana R, Jaiganesh K, Kuzhandaivelu V, Vadivel S. A cross-sectional study on the autonomic modulations produced by music listening in anxious medical professionals. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2014; 5(3): 2038- 43.
    • Sivaprakash B, Srinivasan AR. Music and health: An overview of music therapy and music medicine. Annals of SBV. 2014; 3(1): 12-15.
    • Sivaprakash B. A review of the anxiolytic effect of music and its clinical applications. Annals of SBV. 2014; 3(1): 16-24.
    • Sumathy S. Music therapy education in India: Developmental perspectives. In: Goodman KD, editor. International perspectives in music therapy education and training: Adapting to a changing world. Springfield: Charles C Thomas; 2015
    • Sumathy S. Understanding music therapy: Clearing misconceptions. Annals of SBV. 2014; 3(1): 8-11.
    • Sobana, R. Sumathy S, Priyanka, D. A study on the effect of music in reducing the anxiety of patients posted for upper GI endoscopy. International Journal of Pharma and Biosciences.
    • Sumathy, S. Bhuvaneswari R. Anandraj R. Effect of Relaxing Music on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in Hospitalized Pre-hypertensive pregnant women in 3rd trimester of pregnancy: A Randomized control study. Asian J Pharm Clin Res. Vol.8, Issue 5, 2015, 186-188
    • Sumathy, S. Bhuvaneswari, R. Dixit, Priyanka, Venkatesh, Soma, Das, Prarthana, Gunaseakaran,D .Effect of Live Music Therapy on behavioural symptoms of pain and distress levels during immunization. Clinical Paediatrics. Oct. 2015. DOI:10.1177/ 0009922815610613
  • UPCOMING PROJECTS (RESEARCH PROPOSALS)

    • Effect of music therapy during pediatric nebulizer treatment.
    • Effect of music therapy on pain and anxiety during dental extraction.

    ACADEMIC PRESENTATIONS (NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL)

    CMTER faculty have been actively engaged in delivering presentations in national and international conferences/summits/seminars.

    • Dr. Sumathy Sundar delivered a lecture titled “Introducing Music Therapy as an evidence-based practice” at the Indo-Global Health Care Summit and Expo, organized by the Indian Medical Association and the Indus Foundation, at Hyderabad, India, from 20-06-2014 to 22-06-2014.
    • Dr. Sumathy Sundar delivered a spotlight speech on “Traditions and Cultural Diversity in Music Therapy” at the World Congress of Music Therapy, organized at Austria from 07-07-2014 to 12-07-2014.
    • Dr. Sumathy Sundar participated as a panellist in the session titled “Music Therapy Training from West to East”, at the World Congress of Music Therapy, organized at Austria from 07-07-2014 to 12-07-2014.
    • Dr. Sumathy Sundar delivered a lecture titled “Cultural Context in Music Therapy Education World Wide” (Round Table Speech) at the World Congress of Music Therapy, organized at Austria from 07-07-2014 to 12-07-2014.

    EVENTS AND WORKSHOPS

    Many experiential music therapy events have been organized by CMTER for diverse populations. The following is the list of events organized so far in 2014.

    1. Experiential program on drum circle for burnout among doctors, on 31-01-2014.
    2. Experiential program on stress management to hospital staff, on 16-02-2014.
    3. Participative anger management programme for transgender individuals, on 08-04-2014.
    4. Music and movement program during pediatric immunizations, on 17-09-2014.
    5. Therapeutic chanting and bhajans for pregnant women in antenatal OPD, on 18-09-2014.

    AWARDS AND RECOGNITION

    • Dr. Sumathy Sundar received the Music Therapy Advocacy Award from the World Federation of Music Therapy, in July 2014.
    • Dr. Sumathy Sundar received the Health Care Excellence award in Music Therapyat the Indo-Global Health Care Summit and Expo, organized by the Indian Medical Association and the Indus Foundation, at Hyderabad, India,in June 2014.
    • Dr. Sumathy Sundar received the National Educational Excellence Award in Music Therapyfrom the Global Achievers Foundation, New Delhi, in December 2013.
  • CALL FOR APPLICATIONS TO INTERNATIONAL CLINICAL MUSIC THERAPY OBSERVERSHIP PROGRAM FROM OVERSEAS MUSIC THERAPY PROFESSIONALS/MUSIC THERAPY INTERNSHIP TRAINEES

    Aim: To provide an opportunity to music therapists from around the world to learn about the three tiered music therapy program integrating professional training, patient care services and research and/or the hospital based music therapy culture in India. This program also helps an overseas music therapist to observe and interact closely with the practicing clinical music therapists from Center for Music Therapy Education and Research and participate in the day to day clinical and educational activities of the Center without directly involving in patient care services.

    Eligibility: Any international and professionally trained music therapist /an internship trainee from a university based music therapy program who can make his/her own arrangements for visa, accommodation and hospitality during the period of stay during the observer-ship program.

    Fees: Non-refundable fee of 250 US dollars per month.

    Period of Observer-ship: Generally from one to two months and also applications processed on a case to case basis if more time is needed

    Application procedure: contact Dr. Sumathy Sundar at musictherapy@mgmcri.ac.in for further details